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 Could you pack more into each day if you did everything at theoptimal time?如果任何事情都是在最佳时间去做,你的每一天是否就能加进更多的活动?

  A growing body of research suggests that paying attention tothe body clock, and its effects on energy and alertness, can helppinpoint the different times of day when most of us perform ourbest at specific tasks, from resolving conflicts to thinkingcreatively.越来越多的研究表明,多加重视生物钟及其对人的精力和清醒度的影响有助于我们精确找到大多数人一天中从事具体活动──无论是解决矛盾还是创造性思维──的最佳时间。
  Most people organize their time around everything but the body's natural rhythms. Workdaydemands, commuting, social events and kids' schedules frequently dominate -- inevitably clashingwith the body's circadian rhythms of waking and sleeping.大多数人都是围绕要做的事情而非身体的自然节奏来安排自己的时间。每天的工作任务、上下班的交通、社交活动和孩子的日程安排经常支配了我们的时间──不可避免地与人体苏醒和睡眠的生物周期节律发生冲突。
  As difficult as it may be to align schedules with the body clock, it may be worth it to try, because ofsignificant potential health benefits. Disruption of circadian rhythms has been linked to suchproblems as diabetes, depression, dementia and obesity, says Steve Kay, a professor of molecularand computational biology at the University of Southern California. When the body's master clockcan synchronize functioning of all its metabolic, cardiovascular and behavioral rhythms inresponse to light and other natural stimuli, it 'gives us an edge in daily life,' Dr. Kay says.无论将办事时间安排与生物钟协调起来有多么困难,还是值得一试的,因为这样做对身体健康有可能产生极大好处。南加州大学(University of Southern California)分子与计算生物学教授史蒂夫 凯(Steve Kay)说,生物周期节律紊乱与糖尿病、抑郁症、痴呆症和肥胖病等健康问题有关系。凯博士表示,人体生物主钟在让新陈代谢、心血管和行为节奏功能与光及其它自然刺激同步的时候,也“给我们的日常生活带来了点好处”。
  When it comes to doing cognitive work, for example, most adults perform best in the latemorning, says Dr. Kay. As body temperature starts to rise just before awakening in the morningand continues to increase through midday, working memory, alertness and concentrationgradually improve. Taking a warm morning shower can jump-start the process.凯博士说,比如,在从事认知活动的时候,多数成年人的最佳时间是在午前。由于体温在早晨醒来之前开始上升,并且要持续到午后,工作记忆、清醒度和注意力集中度也随之提升。早上冲个热水澡可以加速这一过程。
  The ability to focus and concentrate typically starts to slide soon thereafter. Most people are moreeasily distracted from noon to 4 p.m., according to recent research led by Robert Matchock, anassociate professor of psychology at Pennsylvania State University.在那之后,集中精力的能力一般会很快下降。根据最近由宾夕法尼亚州立大学(PennsylvaniaState University)心理学副教授罗伯特 马丘克(Robert Matchock)牵头开展的研究,大多数人在中午到下午四点之间更容易注意力分散。
  Alertness tends to slump after eating a meal, Dr. Matchock found. Sleepiness also tends to peakaround 2 p.m., making that a good time for a nap, says Martin Moore-Ede, chairman and chiefexecutive of Circadian, a Stoneham, Mass., training and consulting firm.马丘克博士发现,清醒度在饭后往往会迅速降低。马萨诸塞州斯通哈姆市(Stoneham)Circadian培训咨询公司的董事长兼首席执行长马丁 摩尔艾德(Martin Moore-Ede)说,困顿感也往往是在下午两点左右达到顶峰,这是进行午休的好时候。
  Surprisingly, fatigue may boost creative powers. For most adults, problems that require open-ended thinking are often best tackled in the evening when they are tired, according to a 2011 study in the journal Thinking & Reasoning. When 428 students were asked to solve a series of twotypes of problems, requiring either analytical or novel thinking, their performance on the secondtype was best at non-peak times of day when they were tired, according to the study led byMareike Wieth, an assistant professor of psychological sciences at Albion College in Michigan. (Theirperformance on analytical problems didn't change over the course of the day.) Fatigue, Dr. Wiethsays, may allow the mind to wander more freely to explore alternative solutions.让人意想不到的是,疲劳可以增加创造力。2011年《思考与推理》(Thinking & Reasoning)杂志上刊登的一篇研究论文指出,对多数成年人来说,需要开放性思维来思考的问题,其最佳处理时间是在晚上他们感到疲劳的时候。密歇根阿尔比恩学院(Albion College)心理学助理教授马雷克 维斯(Mareike Wieth)牵头的这项研究显示,当428名学生被要求解决一系列要么需要分析能力要么需要创新思维的两种类型的问题时,他们解决第二类问题时的最好表现出现在一天中他们感到疲劳的非高峰时段。(他们解决分析性问题的表现在一整天的过程中没有变化。)维斯博士说,疲劳可以让思维得到更自由的发散,去寻找不同的解决方案。
  Of course, everyone's body clock isn't the same, making it even harder to synchronize naturalrhythms with daily plans. A significant minority of people operate on either of two distinctivechronotypes, research shows: Morning people tend to wake up and go to sleep earlier and to bemost productive early in the day. Evening people tend to wake up later, start more slowly andpeak in the evening.当然,每个人的生物钟不尽相同,这使得日常计划与生理节奏同步难上加难。研究表明,有极少数人做事时属于两种独特的时间类型:早上型的人一般比一般人更早睡早起,一天中工作最有成效的时间是在早上;晚上型的人往往醒来较晚,启动工作较慢,最佳表现时间是在晚上。
  Communicating with friends and colleagues online has its own optimal cycles, research shows. Sending emails early in the day helps beat the inbox rush; 6 a.m. messages are most likely to beread, says Dan Zarrella, social-media scientist for HubSpot, a Cambridge, Mass., Web marketingfirm, based on a study of billions of emails. 'Email is kind of like the newspaper. You check it at thebeginning of the day,' he says.研究表明,在网上与朋友和同事交流也有最优周期。大清早发送电子邮件有助于避开收件高峰期。马萨诸塞州剑桥市(Cambridge)HubSpot网络营销公司的社交媒体科学家丹 萨瑞拉(DanZarrella)在对数十亿封电子邮件进行研究之后表示,早晨六点发送的信息被阅读的可能性最大。他说,“电子邮件有点类似报纸,查阅的时间在一日之初。”


 What you do during your midday break might vary depending on your job, company culture or personal priorities—but the experts agree all workers should try to do these 14 things during lunch hour:你在午休时做什么也许和你从事的工作、企业文化和个人事务的轻重缓急有关,但是专家建议所有员工在午休时都应该做以下14件事:

  Make a plan。Don’t squander your lunch break because it’s ‘free time’. Time is a non-renewable resource, wherever you are, whatever the time of day. Try your best to plan it out and make the most of it.You should also plan your activities immediately after lunch. Giving thought to how you prioritize and schedule events in the afternoon can maximize your productivity.
  制定计划。不要因为午休是自由时间就去浪费它。无论你身处何地,身在何时,时间是一种不可再生资源。试着最大限度地利用你的午休时间来制定一个好计划。你还需要为午休后的活动做一下安排。想一想下午的时候要如何安排工作的先后顺序,这样有利于你最大地提高效率。
  Take a real break。Breaking from work for 60 seconds to chow down your lunch at your desk doesn’t count. In order to get a period of true respite, the time has to involve an actual break from work. Try not to check your e-mail, bring work with you or talk about work during lunch.
  真正地休息。只花60秒钟在办公桌上狼吞虎咽下你的午餐并不是真正地休息。要想真正地获得喘息,你就需要确实地离开工作一段时间。不要去查看你的电子邮件,不要随身携带工作,也不要在吃午饭时聊工作。
Get up from your desk or work space。Staying at your desk is a big no-no. There are more and more reports on the dangers of sitting too long, so even just getting up to walk to another room to eat is important, or better still, getting outside for some fresh air and a quick walk can do wonders for the body and spirit.
  离开你的办公桌或办公区域。午休时坐在办公桌前是绝对的大禁忌。有越来愈多的报告已经证实了久坐的危害,所以即使只是站起来走一走,走到另一件房间去吃饭也是很重要的。或者更好一点,到室外去呼吸一下新鲜空气,快速地散散步,都对你的身心是很有帮助的。
Eat.Don’t try to be a hero and starve yourself for the sake of being a hard worker or checking off another “to-do” item. You’ll pay for it later when you can’t concentrate and throw your body off balance.
  吃东西。不要想着当英雄,把饿着肚子努力工作或者边吃边做事当成是理所当然。当你稍后没办法集中精力工作或者把自己的身体搞坏了你就会吃到苦头了。
Enjoy your food。Lunch should be about having lunch. Treat yourself to something you enjoy that fits with your diet. If you have a favorite place or a particular food you enjoy make sure to go and enjoy it at least once a week. You only live once.
  享受食物。午饭时间就是要吃午饭。在午饭时间就吃点自己喜欢吃的食物。如果你有特别喜欢的餐馆或者食物,那就去享受这些你喜欢的食物吧,至少每周去吃一次,毕竟人生不会重来。
  Do what you can’t do in the morning or evening。Some errands—like going to the Post Office or the bank—must be handled during work hours. Be strategic and use your lunch break to accomplish some of those personal errands that can’t be handled before or after work.
  做那些早晚无法去做的事情。一些琐事,比如去邮局或去银行,这些事必须要在工作时间才能去做。战略性地在午休时间安排这些事情,把无法在上班前或下班后去做的事情放到午休时间来做。
  Use the time to connect with someone new. Our workplace interactions can be so fleeting that we really never actually get to know the people we spend most of our days with. When you don’t really know those you interact with it’s easy to dehumanize them and take them for granted. Take some time to get out of the office, grab a sit down lunch, and get to know your co-workers.
  去结识新朋友。工作中的交流都是来去匆匆,所以我们很少有机会真正地认识工作中的伙伴。当你无法真正了解你的同事时,你就很容易忽视他们的感情并认为这样是理所当然的。花点时间走出办公室,找个地方坐下来吃顿午饭,好好认识一下你的同事。
Catch up with old friends。If you have a friend who works nearby, try to meet him or her during lunch occasionally. Remember, your personal life needs tending to just as much as your work-life, so be sure to take the spare time you have and use it to fulfill your personal needs. Your midday break is a good opportunity to catch up and socialize, in person or by phone—but don’t lose track of time, and don’t treat it like happy hour.
  与老朋友叙旧。如果你有个朋友在附近工作,那么就试着在午休时间联系一下对方。记住,个人生活和工作一样也需要时时维护。所以,要留出一点时间,并好好利用这些时间来满足你的个人需要。你的午休时间是与老朋友叙叙旧、唠唠嗑的好机会,见面也好,打电话也行。但是不要忘了时间,别把午休时间的小聚当成是下班后的欢乐时光。
  Have a system for dealing with your absence。This will allow people inside and outside the company to know when you will be back, how to contact you in an emergency or have an alternative point of contact. It may also help you relax and avoid obsessively checking your e-mail during lunch.
  自己不在时要做好安排。这样公司内外的人就会知道你什么时候回来,有紧急事件时要怎么联系你或者去联系谁。这样做也能帮助你放松下来,避免在午休时间还要查看邮件。
  Engage in activities that will help you re-energize。Take a walk outside, visit the gym or meditate. Get out and do something that will make you feel better about yourself. A quick dose of sunlight and fresh air is the perfect elixir for the midday blues.
参与一些有助于你恢复精力的活动。外出散步,去健身房或者做冥想。到室外去,并做一些能够让你感觉更好的事情。晒晒太阳,呼吸一下新鲜空气都是驱散午间烦闷的理想方法。
  Network. Even if you’re perfectly happy in your job, and you’re not looking for a new one, it can’t hurt to continuously build and maintain your professional network. This is critical to success in any line of work。
  维护人际网。即使你对现在的工作百分百地满意,你也不想换工作,那也不妨碍你继续去建立和维护你的职场人际网。无论你的工作是什么,职场人际网都是成功的关键因素。
  Don’t get stuck in a routine。Many of us are creatures of habit. Maybe you go to the same pizzeria everyday or eat with the same colleague. You might always use your lunch break to run errands or make personal calls. Try to mix things up in order to clear your head and boost your energy.
  不要陷入常规。我们大多数人都会习惯成自然。也许你每天都会去同一家披萨店或者和同一个同事一起吃饭。也许你常常会利用午休时间去做些琐事或者打些私人电话。试着变换些花样,让你的头脑更清晰,让你的精力更充沛。Avoid all screens。Try to stay away from your iPhone, iPad, Blackberry and computer. Give your eyes a break. Most office jobs require you to stare at a screen all day—so try to avoid that during lunch.If you can’t help it for whatever reason (maybe you want to shop online or e-mail a friend), get up from your desk so your body perceives this as a true break。
  远离所有的屏幕。试着远离你的手机、平板电脑和电脑屏幕。让你的眼睛休息一下。大多数办公室的工作都会要求一整天盯着电脑屏幕,所以在午休的时候就想办法离开一下屏幕吧。如果你无论如何也要坐在屏幕前,比如要网购或者要发邮件给朋友,那么就站起来,这样你的身体才能真正感到休息。
  Don’t take too long or too short of a break。If you’re allotted an hour for lunch, take it. Maybe not every day, but when you can, use the full sixty minutes to get out, eat, exercise your mind or body, catch up with an old friend or a colleague and/or tackle items on your personal agenda.However, if everyone else in the office takes shorter breaks, follow suit so you don’t stand out。
  休息时间不要太长或太短。如果你有一个小时的午休时间,那就好好利用。即使不能每天都这么做,一旦有机会,就把这整整60分钟的时间好好地用来出去走走,吃吃东西,锻炼深陷,与老友或同事聊聊天,或者处理一下私事。但是,如果办公室里的其他人午休时间都不长,那么你也要随大流,不然就会显得太不合群了。


 There are many new grads headed into the real world this time of year.

每年的这个时候,都会有一大批应届毕业生踏入社会。
It seems like a long time ago since my own graduation. I was recently asked for my advice to new graduates entering the workplace.
距离我自己毕业似乎已经是很久以前的事了。最近有人就应届生走进职场的事宜向我征求意见。
        So, here are my 20 Workplace Tips for New Grads, from a Time &Life Management perspective, of course.
  这里是我为应届毕业生准备的20个职场小贴士,当然这些建议是从时间和人生管理角度出发的。
  1. Get to Work on Time– Unlike school, you can’t get away with sleeping in and not showing up. It will catch up to you quickly. Being present is the first step to success and the early bird is often rewarded.
  按时上班——职场不像学校,在学校即使睡过头或跷课也没什么大不了的,但上班以后如果你还这么散漫,很快就会受到处罚。按时上班是迈向成功的第一步,并且记住,早起的鸟儿有虫吃。
  2. Do Your Homework – Just because you are out of school doesn’t mean homework ends. There will be times that you have to work outside working hours. Find your balance, but do your work when it is required.
  做好功课——离开学校并不意味着就不用做家庭作业了。工作以后,你会经常面临8小时之外还得工作的状况。合理安排你的时间,但是需要加班时仍要做好你的工作。
  3. Watch Your Reputation– You reputation in the working world will precede you, and it will follow you wherever you go. In the online hyper-connected world, this is more true than ever. Always, defend your reputation.
  注意你的声誉——在职场,声誉代表着你的形象,并且时刻伴随着你。在这个信息互联的时代,它比以往任何时候都更加真实。因此要注意维护你的声誉。
  4. You Have to Do the Work – Sorry, but there are no shortcuts. There is no 4-hour work week. There is no get rich quick. You have to put in the time. And yes, you have to do the work. If someone tells you otherwise, run the other direction, they are trying to sell you something.
  必须完成工作——这里没有捷径可以走,没有每周4小时的工作,没有快速致富的妙计。你必须投入时间。也就是说你必须工作。如果有人跟我说的不一样甚至相反,他们可能是在试图卖给你什么东西。
  5. Bring Your Skills– Just because you are new to the workplace, do not be intimidated. You are bringing skills and knowledge that the workplace is hungry for. Contribute what you can and learn from others that have preceded you.
  亮出你的本领——不要仅仅因为你是新来的就有畏惧心理。你身上有职场需要的技能和知识。尽力为工作付出,并多向前辈学习。
  6. Work Hard– Always give your best effort. You never know what task is critical to your future success or may open a door of opportunity. If you find yourself in a job where you can’t give your all, it’s time to move on.
  努力工作——尽最大的努力工作。你永远也不知道哪份工作会对你未来的成功产生至关重要的作用,或向你开启机遇之门。如果你觉得现在的工作不能发挥你的潜力,那么是时候换工作了。
  7. Build Relationships– Whether you a social butterfly or a shy individual, make sure you build strong relationships. You do this by genuinely caring and supporting others. Hard work counts, but relationships make the world go round.
  建立自己的人脉——不管你是长袖善舞还是内向害羞,都要建立良好的人脉。要做到这一点,你要真诚的关心和帮助他人。努力工作很重要,但成功更多来自强大的人脉。


 1.In the middle of something?正在忙吗?

 
我知道有许多许多的人,对于某一种概念学会了一种说法之后,从此就只会用这种说法。例如‘你在忙吗?'这个句子,很多人在国中起就知道要说,"Are you busy?" 讲到了来美国留学三年,他还是只会说 "Are you busy?"。其实有时候我们的眼界要放广一点,对于同一个概念要有不同的变化。就像是 "Are you busy?" 这句话,其实老美也很常用 "In the middle of something?" ,(但这句话比较接近于 "Are you busy right now?" 是问人家‘现在'是不是正在忙? "Are you busy?" 的含意比较广,也可指‘最近'忙不忙?) 大家不要小看这么小小的变化,如果你除了 "Are you busy?" 之外,有时还懂得刻意去用 "In the middle of something?" 我相信你的的英文说出来就会跟别人不一样。举个例子吧,办公室里想找人八卦,又怕人家正在忙,这时你就可以问他,"In the middle of something?" (正在忙吗?)
 
记得在不久之前看过的一部黑人电影 Down to Earth 中也有 in the middle of something 这个用法,只不过男主角是用这句话来提出一个论点,"The first kiss is always in the middle of something." 也就是说,初吻总是发生在讲话讲到一半时,或是当你们正在作其它的事情时,通常是果不其然的。他同时也觉得,"The first kiss is the only real kiss in your relationship." (只有初吻才是真正的吻),"The others are just protocols" (其它的都只是一种敷衍、虚应故事而已.)
 
2.What are you up to?你正在做什么?
 
跟上面的例子一样,‘你正在做什么啊?'这句话通常我们就只会说,"What are you doing?" 这样子不会很无聊吗? 其实有时我们可以换句话说。例如: "What are you up to?" 同样也是问人家你正在做什么。承上例,假设你在办公室里,你想找人八卦,所以问同事,"In the middle of something?" 他回答,"Kind of." (算是吧.) 这时你就可以打破砂锅问到底,"What are you up to?" (那你最近在忙什么啊?) 另外有时候老美见面时也会问 "What are you up to?" 意思就是问你最近在做什么啊? 跟另一句问候语 "What's up?" 意思上很接近。但是你要听对方的语气喔! 有时候 "What are you up to?" 指的虽然还是 "What are you doing?" 但它却是‘你在搞什么鬼啊?'的意思喔! 例如当你看到别人在乱翻你的东西,你就可以责问他,"Hey,what are you up to?" 也就是骂他‘你在搞什么鬼啊?'。或是像电影 Blow 里毒贩的老爸骂他的儿子,"I know what you are up to." (我知道你在干些什么勾当.) 以上这些例子里,"What are you up to?" 完全可以用 "What are you doing?" 来取代,只不过因为我们在说话时要力求变化,所以要多学几种不同的讲法.
 
其实 "What are you up to?" 还有许多其它的意思,在此不一一列举,不过还有一个比较常用的解释是,‘进展的如何了?'例如朋友告诉你他正在写一部武侠小说,(就像我的 labmate 一样),你就可以问他,"What are you up to?" (进展的如何了),而他的回答可能是,"I am writing Chapter 3 now." 我现在正在写第三章呢.
 
3.Can you just give me a ballpark figure?能不能给我一个大概的数字.
 
Ballpark 指的是专供球类比赛的公园,特别是指大型的棒球场。例如亚特兰大勇士队 (Atlanta Braves) 的主场,Turner Field 就是一个 ballpark。那什么是 ballpark figure 呢? 通常在棒球比赛时不是都会报今天的观众人数,例如是 49,132 人吗? 这个数字 49,132 就是 ballpark figure,但这只是一个大约的估计数字而已,所以 ballpark figure 的意思就是指大约的估计数字。所以在公司里如果老板问会计,上个月水电费总共多少钱? 之后再加上一句,"Just give me a ballpark figure." 意思就是我只要一个大略的数字就行了。甚至有些老美懒到就只说 ballpark,所以老板也有可能会说,"I'll need a ballpark of the revenue last year." (我需要去年的营收的大约数字.) 你就要自己知道这个 ballpark 是 ballpark figure 的意思.
 
其实很多像 ballpark 这种有点俚语的讲法,你去问美国人,我保证他们百分之九十九点九都知道 ballpark 的意思。但是有很多外国人,不管他们的英语再流利,不管在美国住多久,却还是常常会有听不懂的状况。拿这种俚语去跟美国人交谈,通常是没问题的,但是如果去跟英语同样也很流利的老印,ABC,或是在美国住了很久的外国人,则不保证他们能听得懂。
 
4. Bottom line: We have to turn into profit by 2002。最重要的是: 我们必须在 2002 年前转亏为盈.
 
大家看过财务报表没? 上面是一大堆密密麻麻的数字,告诉你公司的资产有多少,折旧多少,应收帐款多少。但是这些都不是最重要的,最重要的在最最下面那一行 (bottom line),叫净赚 (Net earnings) 告诉你这家公司总共加起来到底是赚钱还是赔钱,(这其实才是最重要的,不是吗?) 所以 bottom line 这个字后来就变成了有‘最重要的是...'的意思。例如商场上有句名言,"In business,If you don't take care of your customers,somebody else will。And that is the bottom line." (如果你不关心你的顾客的话,其它的人会,这是最重要的原则。) 另外 bottom line 也有‘最后的底限',‘不能再退让的原则'的意思。例如老板可以告诫员工,"Bottom line: We have to ship this order by Friday." (我最后的底限是,我们必须在星期五前运交这批货。)
 
5.The new CFO was sent to bring the company out of the red.这位新的财务长被派来把公司从赤字中拯救出来.
 
中国人喜欢红色,所以股市大涨时盘面上都是红通通的一片。不过欧美国家对红色的认知则大不相同,红色就表示亏损,赤字。像之前提到的 bottom line 如果是用红笔写的,那就是表示公司整体上来说是赔钱的。相反的如果是用黑笔写的,则表示是赚钱的。所以我们常可以听到 in the red 或是 in the black 这样的讲法,其实就是指公司赚不赚钱。当然啦,我们也可以用最简单的讲法,lose money 和 make money 或是形容词 unprofitable 和 profitable来表示赔钱或赚钱。例如这家公司是赚钱的,你可以说,"This company is in the black.","The company is making money." 或是 "The company is profitable." 都可以.
 
讲到这个 profitable 让我不得不提醒大家 non-profit 这个字,因为常常有人会搞错。Non-profit 这个字指的并不是说不赚钱的,而是说‘非营利性质的',例如像消费者文教基金会我们就可以说他是一个 non-profit organization,非营利机构,这种组织就不是以赚钱为目的。但 nonprofitable 的话则是指不赚钱的就等于 unprofitable 或是 non-profit-making.


 涉及到经济方面的最新问题与我们息息相关。因此,对每个公司而言,无论是在哪个发展阶段,我们都会面临这样的情况,因为我们会涉及到诸如"employment"(雇佣), "income"(收入), "combating poverty"(贫穷), "hunger"(饥饿), "resource transfers"(资源转移), "taxation"(税收), "purchase and sale of goods"(采购)这样的术语。

 
当你要买电影票的时候,为轿车加油的时候,我们正在涉及"trade and finance"(贸易与金融);我们正在"consuming"(消费),"spending"(花费),所以我们在使金钱"circulate"(流 通)。不是碰巧,有一种很流行的预测说,"money that makes the world go round"(金钱使世界运转)。世界在货物贸易及服务中运转。
 
"Cash is King"(现金至尊)。当你有很多可以自由支配的现金,你能购买很多东西。"global recession"(全球经济衰退)来袭,是因为没有很多现金在流通,很多人有许多"debt"(负债)。因此,对公司而言,购买原材料以及支付员工薪 资是很困难的。因此,很多公司倒闭了,很多人失业了。
 
很多人从"World Bank"(世界银行)"borrow"(借贷) 大量钱款。世界银行无法帮助那么多国家,因为它自身也没有那么多现金,很多国家"incurred"(招致)了更多负债。因此,我们看到食品和其他我们日 常基本所需的"commodities"(商品)价格上涨了。简单而言,生活费用上涨了。
 
有时候一个国家的自然和"political stability"(政治稳定)会影响某些货物和材料的价格。如果发生了干旱或洪水,食品价格会被负面地"affected"(影响)。你或许会发现, 你花了很多钱买了一袋马铃薯。如果自然环境好了,情况就会相反了。你或许会发现,你花了同样的钱,但是却得到了更多的马铃薯。
 
不知不觉中,其实我们在很多方面都对经济发展作出了贡献。当我们所有人全都在工作时,我们就是在改变我们的生活。


 【情景对话】

 
A: Can you help me a minute?
A:你能帮我一会忙吗?
B: Sure, what can I do for you?
B:当然可以,让我帮什么忙?
A: I am trying to write a letter to one of our clients, but I just don't know exactly what to say. I don't even know how to get started! I know I should write Dear Mr. or Ms., but the problem is I don't know the name of the contact person.
A:我在试着给我们的一个客户写封信,但就是不知道究竟该说些什么。我甚至不知道如何起头。我知道我应该写“亲爱的…先生/女士”,但问题是我不知道联系人的姓名.
B: You can just put, “Dear Sir or Madam” or if it’s not personal, you can write “______①______”.
B:你只要写“亲爱的先生/女士”就可以,或者如果不是私人信件,你还可以写“相关人员收”。
A: Okay, so I first thank them for their business, I can say something like, "we are very grateful for your continued support." How’s that?
A:好的,那我先向他们为我们所做的一切表示感谢,比如我们可以说,“我们非常感谢你们对我们一贯的支持”。这样写怎么样啊?
B: Good, but also, ____②____ you want to tell them the reason you are writing. Give them a reference.
 
B:很好,但是你也可以马上说明你写信的原因,给他们一点提示。
A: Like, "Regarding our new product line, we would like to announce a special price discount"
A:比如,“关于我们的新产品,我们想发布一个打折特价通知”
B: Right. Do you need them to respond?
B:非常正确。你需要他们回复吗?
A: Yes, the letter will have a survey inside that they should complete and return to our office. How should I write that?
A:是的,信里要加个调查表,让他们填完并交回我们办公室,这个我应该怎么写?
B: You can tell them, "Please find enclosed our customer service survey”. Or also, you can say "attached is our customer survey". If you need the results right away, you can tell them it is urgent by saying," Please return the survey without delay or as soon as possible.” Maybe a more polite way is “at your earliest convenience."
B:你可以告诉他们“请查收随信所附的顾客服务调查表”,或者还可以说“随信附上我们的顾客调查表“。如果你急于要这些调查结果,你就可以告诉他们事情紧急,说“请立即返回调查表”,或者“尽快返回”。或许更客气的说法是“在您方便时,务请从速回复”。
B: Great! And what do you think I should close it with?
A:太好了!你认为我应该怎样收尾?
A: Since you don't know them that well personally, probably the best way would be “Yours faithfully” or “Sincerely. You could also say, ”Best Regards”, but I don't think that would be appropriate because you don't have the name and obviously haven’t met them.
A:既然你对收信人的个人情况不了解,可能最好的方式就是“你忠实的。。。”或者“诚挚的…”.你还可以说“谨致问候”,但因为你不知道收件人的名字,而且显然也没见过他们,所以我认为这个结尾不太合适。
B: Okay, Thanks a lot for your help!
A:太好了,谢谢你帮了我个大忙


 从前的升职记是这样的:申请打杂职位(就是在人称收发室mailroom的地方工作)→努力工作→成为主管→经理→理事→成为CEO~!

 
现在的升职记是这样的:申请打杂职位→你有打杂科学学士学位么?→没有?shi一边去~!
 
童鞋们,这年头打杂都要学位了啊!坑不坑爹啊?!
 
不过,先来看看这几个职位的英文说法你都记住了么?
 
supervisor:主管
 
manager:经理
 
junior/senior executive:理事
 
vice president:副总
 
CEO(Chief Executive Officer):总裁
 
如果对你来说这些都已经是小菜一碟儿了,那么,小编可要出招了~~
 
你见过这些职位嘛:CAO CBO CCO CDO CWO CYO CZO...@#$%&*
 
善良的小编我可没骗大家,上面这些CXO这可都是活生生的职位哦!!不信??且看下表~~
 
CAO Art 艺术总监
CBO Business 商务总监
CCO Content 内容总监
CDO Development 开发总监
CEO Executive 执行总监
CFO Finance 财务总监
CGO Goverment 政府关系总监
CHO Human resource 人事总监
CIO Information 信息总监
CJO Jet 能让公司业绩像坐喷气式飞机那样高升的人
CKO Knowledge 知识总监
CLO Labour 工会主席
CMO Marketing 市场总监
CNO Negotiation 首席谈判代表
COO Operation 首席运营官
CPO Public relation 公关总监
CQO Quality control 质控总监
CRO Research 研究总监
CSO Sales 销售总监
CTO Technology 技术总监
CUO User 客户总监
CVO Valuation 评估总监
CWO Women 妇联主席
CYO Yes 老好人
CZO Zero 最后离开者


 

   【商务英语写作】如何正确的商务英语写作方法?商务英语写作的要点有哪些?商务英语写作难不难?这些问题可能是很多人想问的,本文将从实例出发为您讲解如何正确写作商务英语。

 

商务英语写作之办公室留言常用语句:

Thank you for your email. I will be out of the office until .

感谢您的邮件,XX之前我都不在办公室。

If you need urgent help please contact my assistant  on [telephone number] or email Regards,
如有急事请联系我的助理XX,电话号码是XX,邮箱地址是XX。此致敬礼
Thank you for your message. I am currently out of the office and only have intermittent access to email.

感谢您的留言。我现在不在办公室,不方便接收邮件。

If the matter is urgent, please call me on my mobile on [telephone number]. Alternatively, please get in touch with  at the following email  addressKind regards,
如有急事,请致电我的手机,电话号码是XX。或者,您也可以联系XX,以下是Ta的邮箱地址XX。此致敬礼

 

商务英语写作之办回信常用语句:

公司断定我们所提供的货色优良, 价格公道, 感谢贵公司给我们一个机会, 使我们的要求得以实现。

We are certain that we are offering a sound article at popular price, and we should appreciate an opportunity to substantiate our claims.

贵公司56日函悉, 本公司无法承购贵公司开价的商品。此复。

In answer to your favour of the 6th May, we inform you that we are unable to take the goods offered by you.

关于贵公司所询麦麸一事, 现可提供该货20吨。

In answer to your inquiry for bran, we offer you 20 tons of the same.

贵函收悉, 此地商场仍保持平静。

Answering to your letter, we state that the market remains quiet.

至今未复58日贵函, 甚感歉疚, 还望原谅。

 

商务英语写作之电子邮件单词缩写:

lolLaughing out loud

oicOh I see.

mteMy thoughts exactly.

brbI‘ll be right back.

c u 2morrowSee you tomorrow.

fanx 4 ur elpThanks for your help.

 

 

商务英语写作技巧:

商务英语写作中最常遇到的问题是写作格式的不规范,比如办公室留言,虽然这术语商务英语中最简单的写作题材,但很多人由于过于疏忽而造成被告知方的错误理解;另外,在商务英语写作中经常会遇到一些缩写单词如oic,全些就是Oh I see.这一点也是我们学习 商务英语写作时要注意的。


 

   【商务英语培训】随着中外企业间交流的日趋频繁,企业对员工商务英语培训也更加重视。那么商务英语培训有哪些方法呢?本文就将为各位介绍最实用的商务英语培训词汇。

 

商务英语培训单词一:

Office supply 办公用品供应
Housekeeping department
总务部门
Bulk order
大订单
Business day
营业日
Standing agreement
长期的合同
Billing address
送订单的地址
Make an order
预定
Go through (
生意)成交
In stock
库存

 

商务英语培训单词二:

accumulated depreciation :备抵折旧
asset :n.
资产
balance sheet :
资产负债表
contributed capital :
实缴股本
fixed asset :
固定资产

liability :n.负债
notes payable :
应付票据
prepaid expense :
预付款项
retained earnings :
保留盈余
stockholders' equity :
股东权益

 

商务英语培训之常用缩写词汇:

A.F.B. = Air Freight Bill 航空提单
Agt. = Agent
代理商
AI = first class
一级
AM = Amendment
修改书
A.M.T. = Air Mail Transfer
信汇
Amt. = Amount
,金额
A.N. = arrival notice
到货通知
A.P. = account payable
应付账款
A/P = Authority to Purchase
委托购买
a.p. = additional premiun
附加保险费
A.R. = Account Receivable
应收款

 

商务英语培训词汇学习技巧:

如何通过商务英语培训让员工更好的掌握商务英语词汇呢?较好的方法是针对商务英语中的不同行业去判断哪些词汇最实用、最需要掌握,如商务英语中的财务类英语词汇(文章的第二部分)并不是每个员工都需要深入了解,因此从中选取使用范围最广的英语词汇,就是很好的学习方式。


 

   【商务谈判英语】在市场竞争越来越激烈的今天,商务谈判的作用越来越重要,而掌握商务谈判英语能帮助我们更加从容的面对谈判对手,本文就将告诉你如何学习使用商务谈判英语。

 

商务谈判英语案例一:

Smith: What's your best price for that item?

史密斯:这种货你们最低价是多少?

Kim: The unit price is $12.50.

金:单价是12.50美元。

Smith: I think the price is a little high. Can't you reduce it?

史密斯:我觉得这个价贵了点,你能不能减一点?

Kim: I'm afraid we can't. $12.50 is our rock bottom price. If you purchase more than 10,000 units we can reduce it to $12.00.

金:恐怕不行,12.50美元是我们的底价。如果你订货超过10,000件,我们可以减到12.00美元。

Smith: Well, I'll accept the price and place an initial order of 10,000 units.

史密斯:行,我接受这个价格,第一批订10,000件。

 

商务谈判英语中常出现的词汇:

bargain :v.议价
discount :n.
折扣
going rate :
现行价格;现在行情
in bulk :
大量
outrageous :a.
荒唐的;骇人听闻的
preferential price :
优惠价格
price war :
价格战;削价竞争
profit margin :
毛利()
profitable :a.
有利润的;有赚头的
quantity :n.
数量;数额
bottom price
:最低价格

purchase:购买

initia:最初的

 

 

商务谈判英语学习小结:

商务谈判英语的学习更侧重于实践,没有真正意义上的商务谈判英语能共我们照搬着学习。因此,多读商务英语谈判对话,多记商务英语谈判词汇就是最实用的学习方法。最后,希望您通过本文的学习对商务英语谈判有更多的了解。


 

   【电子商务英语】随着网络的普及电子商务逐渐成为贸易往来的主要方式。因此,掌握良好的电子商务英语对电子商务交易起着至关重要的作用,本文将教你子商务英语最实用词汇。

 

电子商务英语常用句:

This product has been a best seller for nearly one year.

该货成为畅销货已经将近1年了。

There is a good market for these articles.

这些商品畅销。

There is a poor market for these articles.

这些商品滞销。

There is no market for these articles.

这些商品无销路。

 

电子商务英语词汇一:

buy-it-now price :直接购买价
community :n.
社群
consumer base :
消费群
e-commerce :n.
电子商务
feedback :n.
意见回馈
fraud :n.
骗局;诈骗
max out :
刷爆
online auction :
网络拍卖
place a bid :
投标;出价
platform :n.
平台
product catalog :
产品目录
reserve price :
底价
transaction :n.
交易
vendor profile :
卖家简介

 

电子商务英语词汇二:

crossed cheque 划线支票

traveller's cheque 旅行支票

chequebook 支票簿,支票本 (美作:checkbook

endorsement 背书

transfer 转让,转帐,过户

money 货币

issue 发行

ready money 现钱

cash 现金

ready money business, no credit given 现金交易,概不赊欠

 

电子商务英语学习小结:

学习电子商务英语第一步是要理解电子商务英语中的专业词汇,电子商务英语不同于不同于现实生活中的交易如product catalog (产品目录)在英文电子商务网站上就经常遇到,而现实商务往来中涉及较少,因此做到有的放矢才是最重要的。


 

【商务英语口语900句】怎样高效学习商务英语?如何灵活运用商务英语口语900句中学到的语句了?本文将以实用的商务英语口语900句位列教您学习商务英语的方法。

 

商务英语口语900句案例一:

If you keep a balance of $1,000, you won't have to pay the $20 monthly-service fee.
如果您维持一千元存款余额,就不必付每月二十元的服务费。
How do I open a bank account here
我要怎么开户?
What happens if payday falls on a bank holiday.
发薪日如果碰上国定假日该怎么办?
Could you sign me up for online banking
你可以帮我申请网络银行服务吗?

Wads of banknotes were hidden in the bag.
袋子里藏了数迭纸钞。

 

商务英语口语900句案例二:

A:I can promise you that, if you buy our product, you will be getting quality.
我可以向你保证.如果你买了我们的产品.你会得到好品质.

B:I've looked at your units, and I am very happy with them. Your goods are all far above standard quality.
我看过你们的单件.我很满意.你们的商品质量高过标准质量.

A;We spend a lot of money to make sure that our quality is much better. We don't sacrifice quality for quick profits.
我们投入了大量的资金来确保质量一流.我们不会为了即期利润而有损质量.
B:Well, we're really interested in placing an order under negotiation. We can start the negotiations as soon as you want.
是的.我方真的很愿意谈判后就订货.你们想谈判的话我们随时都可以.

 

商务英语口语900句案例三:

Hello? Can I speak to Mr. Smith?

喂?能请史密斯先生听电话吗?

I'm sorry, but he's out now. May I take a message?

抱歉,他现在不在。要我传话吗?

Yes. This is John Brown. I'd like to meet him next Monday morning around 10 o'clock.

好的。我是约翰布朗。下星期一早上十点左右我想跟他见个面。

Let me check his schedule... Yes, I think he can see you. But could you call again around five to make sure?

我来查查他的时间表... 可以,我想他可以见你。不过,五点左右你可以再打电话来确定一下吗?

OKthank you very much.

好的,非常感谢你。

 

如何学习商务英语口语900句:

当您看完以上为您准备的商务英语口语900句后,相信您对商务英语口语应该有了一定的了解,商务英语口语更多得到是社交场合的英语口语,语法句式容易理解,重要的事商务英语术语词汇,掌握了足够多的商务英语词汇,您的商务英语能力就能大大提升了。


 

【商务英语口语对话】如今的商务往来中英语的重要性不言而喻,那么商务人士如何快速的掌握最实用的商务英语呢?通过学习商务英语口语对话就是很好的方法。

 

商务英语口语对话一:

Ability to work independently, mature and resourceful.能够独立工作、思想成熟、应变能力强。

A person with ability plus flexibility should apply.需要有能力及适应力强的人。

A stable personality and high sense of responsibility are desirable.个性稳重、具高度责任感。

商务英语口语对话二:

you know when he will be back? 
你知道他什么时候会回来吗
I’m sorry. I don’t know. 
抱歉, 我不知道。 
I have no idea. 我不知道。 
He should be back in 20 minutes. 
他应该二十分钟内会回来。 
情况 () 打电话的人问他要找的人在哪里 
Do you have any idea where he is? 
你知道他在哪里吗

商务英语口语对话三:

A: Hello. Welcome to C&C Company

你好。欢迎你到C&C公司来。

B: Hello. And Good morning. Im George Chen.

你好,早上好。我是乔治·陈。

A: Nice to meet you George. Im glad youll be working for us. Were like a big family here. We all work together as a team.

乔治,很高兴见到你,我很高兴你能到我们这里来工作,我们这就像是一个大家庭,所有的人工作在一起,就像一个团队

B: Thats great. Im eager to start.太好了。我都等不及要开始工作了。

 

商务英语口语对话学习小结:

以上是笔者为您安排的商务英语口语对话内容,文章共分三个部分为您介绍了商务英语口语对话,从中可以看出,商务英语口语对话并不难学,有些对话甚至是日常对话,只要我们多了解些商务英语装用词汇,快速掌握商务英语并不是难事。


 

    在国际间各项商品的促销活动中,如何正确规范使用英语呢?今天的商务英语之促销英语将以国外经典促销勇于为基础展开对商务英语促销英语的学些,通过本文的学习你将具体深刻的理解促销英语的表达方法。

 

商务英语之促销英语案例

 

Gold jewelry sales jumped more than 30 percent over the weekend in Beijing, as bargain shoppers swarmed the city's major jewelry stores onyear-end promotions.

 

随着钟爱打折货的购物者在年末促销中涌入北京市的几大珠宝商店,黄金珠宝的销量在上周末增长幅度超过30%

 

文中的year-end promotion就是指年末促销,就是商家在年底进行的sales campaign(促销活动)。在年底涌起的spending spree(消费热潮)中,由于pure gold(纯金)的价格上涨,钟爱gold jewelry(黄金珠宝)的消费者掀起了一股gold rush(淘金热)。为应对inflation expectation(通胀预期),人们对limited edition gold bars(限量版金条)的购买热情也空前高涨。

 

商务英语之促销经典句式

 

Our newly introduced student kit is made from fine quality vinyl plastic, which is strong, washable, transparent and handy for pencils, pens, rulers, loose papers, cards, pocket money and many other items a student carries.

 

我们新投放市场的学生工具包是选用上等塑料薄膜制成的,它耐用、易洗、透明;方便学生放铅笔、钢笔、尺子、活页纸、卡片、零花钱和其他许多物品。

 

Our new brand bathrobes are made of pure cotton. Owing to the carefully selected materials used and the great attention paid to weaving and printing, they possess a very attractive appearance as well as novel designs.

我们的新品浴袍是纯棉制品。选料考究,纺织和印花工艺严格,款式美观新颖。

 

Give this new kind of glazed ware the ultimate test-try scratching, cutting, burning or even putting it into acid you will see how strong this glazed product is against any such force and how long it will resist fire and acid.

 

.验证一下这种新型搪瓷,在上面划痕,切割,火烧,把它放在酸液里。你会发现此种搪瓷产品是多么坚硬、多么耐火、耐酸。

 

综上所述, 商务英语中促销英语的使用多偏重于实用性以及对英语词汇的精准的表达。在国际贸易或是出国旅游途中,都会出现促销英语。良好的掌握并理解商务英语中促销英语的含义对我们购买商品都是大大有益的。


 

商务英语的涵盖范围很广,国际贸易以及外企的用人招聘都会用到商务英语词汇。今天,英孚将就商务英语招聘常用到的英语词汇向大家做解释。商务英语招聘词汇将以常见词汇为主。

Read enough help-wanted advertisements, and you'll soon realize that they all basically sound the same. Jargon like "detail-oriented" and "self-starter" is so overused that the positions advertised begin to sound unremarkable: part of the expected landscape of hunting for a job.招聘广告看多了,很快就会发现它们听上去都差不多。注重细节有主动性等字眼泛滥成灾,招聘职位看上去千篇一律,这种情况已经成为找工作时常见的现象。

But if you stop and think about what all of these buzzwords are signaling, you'll realize how much information you just might miss if you fail to read between the lines. First of all, when employers fall back on the same old jargon to advertise positions, it could very well be that they actually have no idea what they are looking for. They just know they have a spot to fill.但如果你能停下来,想想这些招聘的热门字眼究竟意味着什么,就会发现字里行间隐藏着大量有用的信息,一不留神就会漏掉。首先,如果公司在招聘广告中采用这些套话,很可能是因为他们对于所要招的职位全无概念,只知道有一个空缺需要填补。

商务英语招聘常用词汇

 

A person with ability plus flexibility should apply.需要有能力及适应力强的人。

A stable personality and high sense of responsibility are desirable.个性稳重、具高度责任感。

Work well with a multi-cultural and diverse work force.能够在不同文化和工作人员的背景下出色地工作。

Bright, aggressive applicants.反应快、有进取心的应聘者。

Ambitious attitude essential.有雄心壮志。

Initiative, independent and good communication skill.积极主动、独立工作能力强,并有良好的交际技能。

Willing to work under pressure with leardership quality.愿意在压力下工作,并具领导素质。

Willing to assume responsibilities 应聘者须勇于挑重担。

Mature, self-motivated and strong interpersonal skills. 思想成熟、上进心强,并具极丰富的人际关系技巧。

Energetic, fashion-minded person. 精力旺盛、思想新潮。

With a pleasant mature attitude. 开朗成熟。

Strong determination to succeed. 有获得成功的坚定决心。

Strong leadership skills. 有极强的领导艺术。

Ability to work well with others. 能够同他人一道很好地工作。

Highly-motivated and reliable person with excellent health and pleasant personality. 上进心强又可靠者,并且身体健康、性格开朗。

Be highly organized and effecient. 工作很有条理,办事效率高。

 

外企招聘,常常对英语有比较高的要求,作为求职者正确理解商务英语招聘词汇的意思对找工作是有益处的,而对于企业正确的表述商务英语招聘词汇也是吸人人才的要求之一。


 

商务英语应用文中报告分为两种,第一种是读书报告。比如读一本书或者看一本小说写一个读书报告。另一种报告就是书面报告,书面报告考试的可行性和可能性更大一些。书面报告与备忘录的写法很类似,所不同的就是书面报告一般是下级写给上级,它也需要交代清楚四件事:时间、事件、写信人、收信人。
 
商务英语应用文报告写作范文:
I'm here today to present my research about the advertisingcampaign for the Kitchen Master microwave oven. Since this is a newproduct, our main goal is to establish brand awareness among our targetaudience, which is working women, aged 25 to 40.
今天我要向各位报告的是为大厨师广告所做调查的结果。由于大厨师是新产品,我们的广告必须要在目标顾客群中,也就是25岁至40岁的职业妇女中,建立起品牌知名度。
 
According to my figures, of the working women we polled, 50% saidthey read at least one of the top-five selling women's magazines inTaiwan. And a full 80% said they watch at least one hour of televisioneach night.
根据我所得到的数据,接受调查访问的职业妇女中,有百分之五十的人表示,她们阅读台湾最畅销的五本妇女杂志中至少一本。而有整整百分之八十的受访者表示,她们每晚至少看一个小时的电视。
 
To conclude, even though our target audience is clearly defined,introducing a new product is always a gamble. But with the proper mediamix we can certainly lessen the chance of failure.
商务英语应用文报告写作四步走收集信息(Collecting Information)、谋篇布局(Planning the structure)、校对编辑(Proofreading and editing)。
 
首先、写作商务英语应用文报告时我们需要收集所写主题的信息,收集信息的方式有很多种,比如面对面沟通或电话沟通获取信息或者通过办公室便函(Memos)、电子邮件(Emails)、问卷调查(Questionnaires)等手段向公司内部或外部索取信息。
 
其次,我们需要对所写的商务英语应用文报告做合理的数据分析,然后裂成提纲,布局整体。与此同时,把要写的部分响应的打个草稿会更有把握些。
 
最后,当我们完成了商务英语应用文报告的写作后,一定要进行校对,包括信息、数据、语言以至标点符号,确保我们的报告完整无误。


 

商务英语涉及内容很多,英孚将用商务英语口语做突破口让大家跟好的理解商务英语的使用语境。本文围绕商务人士经常出入的飞机场展开,包含的商务英语口语常用单词及句式都是值得学习的。
 
商务英语口语案例一:
Let me see your passport, please.
请出示您的护照
 I have come to make sure that your stay in Beijing is a pleasant one.
我特地为你们安排使你们在北京的逗留愉快。
You're going out of your way for us, I believe.
我相信这是对我们的特殊照顾了。
 It's just the matter of the schedule, that is, if it is convenient of you right now.
如果你们感到方便的话,我想现在讨论一下日程安排的问题。
I think we can draw up a tentative plan now.
我认为现在可以先草拟一具临时方案。
 If he wants to make any changes, minor alternations can be made then.
如果他有什么意见,我们还可以对计划稍加修改。
Is there any way of ensuring we'll have enough time for our talks?
我们是否能保证有充足的时间来谈判?
So our evenings will be quite full then?
那么我们的活动在晚上也安排满了吗?
 We'll leave some evenings free, that is, if it is all right with you.
如果你们愿意,我们想留几晚供你们自由支配。
We'd have to compare notes on what we've discussed during the day.
我们想用点时间来研究讨论一下白天谈判的情况。
 That'll put us both in the picture.
这样双方都能了解全面的情况。
Then we'd have some idea of what you'll be needing.
那我们会心中有数,知道你们需要什么了。
I can't say for certain off-hand.
我还不能马上说定。
 Better have something we can get our hands on rather than just spend all our time talking.
有些实际材料拿到手总比坐着闲聊强。
It'll be easier for us to get down to facts then.
这样就容易进行实质性的谈判了。
But wouldn't you like to spend an extra day or two here?
你们不愿意在北京多待一天吗?
 I'm afraid that won't be possible, much as we'd like to.
尽管我们很想这样做,但恐怕不行了。
We've got to report back to the head office.
我们还要回去向总部汇报情况呢。
Thank you for your cooperation.
谢谢您的合作。
 
商务英语口语案例二:
May I see your passport, please?
麻烦请给我你的护照。
Where are you staying?
将在那儿住宿?
Here is my passport / Here it is.
这是我的护照。
I will stay at Boston Hotel.
我将住在波士顿饭店。
What's the purpose of your visit?
旅行的目的为何?
Do you have a return ticket to Taiwan?
是否有台湾回程机票?
Sightseeing(Businese).
观光(公务)
Yes, here it is.
有的,这就是回程机票。
How long will you be staying in the United States?
预计在美国停留多久?
How much money do you have with you?
你随身携带多少现金?
5 days.
5
天。
I have 800 dollars.
大约800元。
I plan to stay for about 10 days.
预计停留约10天。
Good. Have a nice day.
祝你玩得愉快。
I'm just passing through.
我只是过境而已。
商务英语关于机场的常见单词
飞机票 endorsements/restrictions
前往城市 to
旅客姓名 name of passenger
承运人 carrier
旅行经停地点 good for passage between
航班号 flight no.
起点城市 from
座舱等级 class
起飞日期 date
机号 plane No.
起飞时间 time
机座号 seat No.
订座情况 status
吸烟坐位 smoking seat
机票确认 ticket confirm
非吸烟席 non-smoking seat
登机口 gate

 


 

商务英语如何学?怎么样灵活运用所学的商务英语?今天,英孚将以商务英语情景对话范文来帮助大家学习商务英语,本期商务英语情景对话范文的主题是销售,将通过两段销售情景对话,灵活具体的介绍商务英语。
 
商务英语情景对话范文一:
 
They talked over at great length the matter of how to increase the sale of your products.
他们详细地讨论了怎样增加你方产品的销售。
Please furnish us with more information from time to time so that we may find outlets for our stationery.由于对此货物的需求将不断增加,请提前补充货源。
They are doing their utmost to open up an outlet.
他们正在尽最大努力以打开销路。
We all understand that Chinese shippers are very popular in your market on account of their superior quality and competitive price.我们都知道中国拖鞋因价廉物美而畅销于你方市场。
We are sure that you can sell more this year according to the marketing conditions at your end.
根据你地的市场情况,我们确信今年你们有望销得更好。
Packing has a close bearing on sales.
包装对产品的销路有很大关系。
We are trying to find a market for this article.
我们正在努力为此项商品找销路。
 
商务英语情景对话范文二:
 
A: I'm sorry to say that your price has soared. It's almost 20% higher than last year's.
B: That's because the price of raw materials has gone up.
A: I see. Thank you.
很遗憾,贵方的价格猛长,比去年几乎高出20%
那是因为原材料的价格上涨了。
我知道了,多谢。
A: How many do you intend to order?
B: I want to order 900 dozen.
A: The most we can offer you at present is 600 dozen.
这种产品你们想订多少?
我们想订900打。
目前我们至多只能提供600打。
A: We have inspected the rice, and we're surprised to know that the weight is short.
B: We sell our goods on loaded weight and not on landed weight.
A: I see.
这些大米我们检验过了,重量不够,我们感到奇怪。
我们出售商品是以装船重量为准,不是以卸货重量为准。
我知道了。

商务英语情景对话范文学习总结:
商务英语情景对话是学习商务英语的有效途径之一,本期的商务英语情景对话的主题是销售,现实销售中的对话有很多种,本文选取的范文是较有代表性的行业,忘您能通过本期商务英语情景更好的理解商务英语的用法。


 

如何学习商务英语?怎么样灵活运用所学的商务英语?今天,英孚将列举外贸英语中情景对话来帮助大家学习旅游英语,本期商务英语情景对话的主题是电脑销售对话,简单快捷的对话中包含了众多外贸英语词汇的应用。

 

商务英语情景对话一:

Ken:
Yes, we're doing an overhaul of the office and all its equipment.
是的.我们正在进行办公室和全部设备的检修.

Toni:
Well I might be able to help you there; the company I represent is a major provider of a wide range of quality computer equipment.
.这方面也许我可以帮忙, 我任职的公司是一个多种高质量计算机设备的主要供应商.

Ken:
Oh yeah? There are a 500 other computer companies out there, what makes your products so special?
是吗?市面上有500家其他的计算机公司.你们的产品有何特别之处?
Toni:
I assure you ma'am, you won't find better. Can I give you a few brochures that will further explain what we can offer?
女士.我向您保证.你找不到比我们更好的.你愿意看一些小册子吗?里面有我们提供的服务的更详细的介绍?

Ken:
Sure.
当然

Toni:
Because not only do we custom build the equipment to your requirements but our computers and after-sales service is first class.
我们不仅可以按照你们的要求来生产设备.而且我们的电脑和售后服 务都是一流的.

 

 

商务英语情景对话重点单词及短语:

Overhaul:大修

Equipment: 设备

Requirements: 要求

after-sales:售后
brochures
:小册子

custom:自定义

represent:代表

quality:质量

explain:解释

 

商务英语情景对话学习小结:

如何学习商务英语?商务英语的学习方法需要讲究方法和窍门,通过自己说熟悉的领域来学习商务英语就是很好的方式之一, 电脑销售就是个很好例子,生活中无论是电脑还是销售都是我们常接触到的,通过此篇商务英语情景对话阅读我们可以较为容易的理解商务英语中常见词汇的含义以及运用方法。


 

职场当中如何通过商务英语向上司提涨薪的要求,本期的商务英语将告诉你如何做。“商务英语口语涨薪”一文将通过商务英语中涨薪的情景对话来帮助了解英语涨薪口语的说法以及涨薪中可能遇到的问题,希望各位能“学以致用”下回再跟老板谈薪水时就更加有信心了。
 
商务英语口语涨薪一:
K: How's your career going? Last time we spoke you said you were trying to get a raise.
A: Yep. That's the plan. I mean, I've certainly put in the hours. I'm definitely one of the most productive members of the company and I feel I contribute a lot.
K: So? What's the problem? Why haven't you gone in there and demanded a raise?
A: I just can't work up the confidence to do it. I know I need to, and I know I need it, but it's tough.
K: OK sister, we are going to figure this out together. If there's one thing I'm good at, it's asking for what I need.
A: I don't even know where to begin. My son needs braces and his school tuition has just gone up. We really need to get a new car and even the dog has needs we can't pay for.
K: OK, stop right there. You can't base your salary request according to your needs. The company isn't a charity and if you go in and say, "I need" it's not going to work.
 
商务英语口语涨薪二:
布莱克:What do you think are your greatest attributes?
你认为你最突出的品质是什么?
琳达:I take pride in building strong relationships with my customers. They really trust me.
能和我的客户建立稳固盥洗室我最感到骄傲的一点.他们真的很信任我.
布莱克:They do. I see that your customer retention figures are the best in the company. You exceed sales expectations by eight percent. And your gross sales are up about ten percent for the second year in a row. Very impressive.
是的.我知道你是公司里最能留住客户的人.你超出了销售目标八个百分点.而总销售已经连续两年上升约百分之十.真让人印象深刻.
琳达:I couldn`t have done it without everyone`s help.
如果没有各位同仁的帮助我也无法到达目标.
布莱克:Don`t be so modest. With numbers like yours, I have no choice but to award you the maximum bonys.
不用如此谦虚.你有这样的好业绩.我除了以高额奖金奖励你之外.别无选择.
琳达:That`s great. Thank you.
太好了.谢谢你.
布莱克:And I`m recommending a ten percent increase to your salary. Well done.
而且我会提议给你涨百分之十的工资.你表现得很好.